Education Definition and Types
Swami Vivekanand has defined Education as “Manifestation of perfection already in man.”
Aristotle defined education as ”Creation of sound mind in a sound body”.
Bestalozzl said, “Education is a natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers.”
According to the Mahatma Gandhi education is “an all-around drawing out of the beat in child and man-body, mind and spirit,”
What is Education
We have already seen that education has different meanings. Now let us look into the etymological meaning of education, i.e., the meaning with regard to the origin of the word. The word “Education” has originated from the Latin word “Educatum” the meaning of which is “to lead out” or “to bring ideas out of the mind”, Hence education is a process or an activity, which leads ideas or emotions out of the mind. Synonyms of education are: “Pedagogy”, “Shiksha”, “Vidya”.
FORMS OF EDUCATION
Though there are no clear-cut form6 of education, we can discuss three types of Formal, Informal and Non-formal. Let us see in detail-
Formal Education is pre-planned direct, organized and given in specific educational institutions such as school and colleges. It is limited to a specific period and it has a well-defined curriculum. this types of education is given by qualified and trained teachers, Formal education observes strict discipline, Formal education can be primary, middle, secondary, higher secondary level in the school and undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate level in the colleges and university which can be in Art, Science, Technical and professional area.
Informal education is not pre-planned or deliberate. Having Characters as below:
It is not pre-planned
It is indirect, incidental and spontaneous
No prescribed time-table or curriculum is there
No qualified or trained teachers are there
No examinations or awarding of certificates take place
It is provided by informal agencies such as home or family or community.
It falls within the formal and informal types of education. It is a flexible system.
The characteristics are:
Non-Formal Education is intentional, incidental and given outside the formal system, i.e., school. it is consciously and deliberately planned, organized and systematically implemented.
it is an open system of education without rigid rules, regulations and fixed stages or time schedule.
it is intended for all ages.
Social or adult education, distance education is the examples of informal education.
All these three types of education – formal, informal and non-formal, have their
due place in the modern system of education. Each has its own merits and demerits.
There is a need to integrate the three forms and make education holistic and
So these are the types of Education in the world.